- Introduction A new generation of artificial intelligence (AI) tools are at the heart of an increasing number of applications. AI is now capable of delivering answers to problems that were considered beyond our reach just a few years ago. From automating the control of vehicles to recognizing speech and classifying images at levels comparable to – or even higher than – human capabilities, these processes are now spearheading an unprecedented wave of technical developments.How to secure legal protection for such objects is therefore of the utmost strategic and economic importance for applicants worldwide. Intellectual property is one of the principal tools that can offer protection to innovators for their technical contribution and, as such, constitute an essential means to promote and incentivise technical progress.After having introduced the essential characteristics of the latest generations of artificial intelligence inventions, we will address in earnest the protection of AI and its products, evoking in turn questions of protection ("how to protect AI using various IP rights?"), questions of ownership ("who is the inventor when AI participates in the creation of a product?"), questions of enforcement ("can AI be used to detect infringement?"). More broadly, the relationship with other fields of law (from fundamental rights to competition law) will also be discussed.